On May 8, 2009, HHS published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking seeking comments on whether the HHS should amend its regulations on the responsibility of applicants for promoting objectivity in research for which Public Health Service (PHS) funding is sought. Specifically, HHS is considering whether to revise current regulations to provide a more rigorous approach to investigator disclosure, management of conflicts, and federal oversight. The notice invites comments on a range of related issues, including: the scope of the regulation and disclosure of interests; the definition of a “significant financial interest”; identification and management of conflicts; how to assure institutional compliance; reporting on conflicts of interest; and standards regarding institutional conflict of interest. Comments will be accepted until July 7, 2009.